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Baie-Comeau’s Maison Anita-Lebel is not a house like others. It provides shelter to female victims of domestic violence who are reorganizing their lives and who need accommodation for up to 12 months.

These women, with or without children, come from a territory than spans from Tadoussac to Baie-Trinité, 300 kilometres apart. “A woman comes here to get the best skills possible in order to be able to function alone in an apartment and, above all, so that she never has to relive domestic violence,” says the coordinator and true conductor of Maison Anita-Lebel, Suzie Levasseur.

Location Ville de Baie-Comeau, 22,000 inhabitants
Founded 1996 (opening 1999)
Number of units 8 apartments
Clientele Female victims of domestic violence, with or without children
Employees 2
Financial partners SHQ, PSOC du MSSS, City of Baie-Comeau
Federation FROH

The idea for Maison Anita-Lebel dates back to the mid-’90s, when councillors at the Baie-Comeau Maison des femmes, which offered short-term accommodation, found that they lacked an essential service: transition or so-called second-stage housing.

“Women come to a shelter in emergency, they are there about a month, and there was nothing after”
– Suzie Levasseur, coordinator

portraits_anita3_rondes“Many women, for lack of alternatives, had to return to their violent partner. It was essential to find a resource to rebuild their confidence and self-esteem and empower them to become independent, financially and emotionally.”

It took a tragedy to open everyone’s eyes to the importance of that kind of resource. On Sept. 9, 1996, Baie-Comeau resident Françoise Lirette and her son were murdered by her violent ex-partner, who then committed suicide. The murderer had publicly declared his intention to do just that, but nobody could intervene to prevent it.

“Since that event, the community has rallied around the project. It really is a community project, the Maison Anita-Lebel”, the coordinator said. “I have worked in other organizations and I never saw mobilization like that to rebuild and renovate the building and furnish the apartments. Businesses, organizations and citizens were mobilized and the city of Baie-Comeau ceded the building for $1.”

The expression “to move heaven and earth” is not exaggerated in the case of Maison Anita-Lebel, which performs small
miracles with a slim budget of around $125,000 a year to both manage an eight-unit building and offer specialized services in domestic violence.

“The problem for second-stage shelters is that we don’t fit into any funding category”

“We have no choice but to organize, to find funding as needs arise. We hope to one day have an adequate budget.”

Women who go to Maison Anita-Lebel, about 15 a year on average, find refuge and a chance for a fresh start. In return, they must agree to a proposed minimum program that includes group sessions and a monthly individual follow-up, to develop their autonomy and to respect the code of conduct.

“Outside the home, women have a lot of legwork to do. We accompany them there”
– Suzie Levasseur, coordinator

“It looks simple for most of us, but the women who come here have to pay their rent. This, too, is part of the autonomy. There are women who arrive here who have never had a bank account. Sometimes, we have quite a ways to go.”

Women and children residents can enjoy the common room, which has Internet service and a collection of books, DVDs and video games.

“The use of the common room and the activities we offer them allow these women to break the cycle of depression or isolation”

Residents can’t have male visitors except immediate family.
“This is their cocoon, their place of refuge. Women must learn to live alone,” Levasseur emphasized. As for the code of conduct, it requires among other things that they not be in a suicidal crisis and they do not consume alcohol or drugs in the apartment.

portraits_anita2_rondesTo maintain security requires a high level of confidentiality, which is essential for the protection of women who could be threatened. So outsiders can’t photograph the residents.

For the record, the real Anita Lebel, a citizen of Baie-Comeau, was a pioneer in providing women with shelter. During the 1970s, when this kind of service didn’t exist, Lebel took women and children who were victims of domestic violence into her home.

“She housed them, fed them so they could catch their breath before heading to their families or reorganize elsewhere, so they could fly on their own,”, said Levasseur, an obvious admirer of the work of Anita Lebel.

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